Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

Your baby was recently born. And now it's time to go with him to the polyclinic for vaccinations.

Of course, you are very worried about how the child will undergo vaccination, whether there will be complications. And still you can’t understand a huge number of terms, abbreviations, which doctors constantly throw at you.

Let's try to understand everything together. To do this, we will compile a small explanatory dictionary of vaccinations, which will include the most common concepts and abbreviations associated with vaccination, and explanations of them.

Read also:Vaccination schedule of the first three months of a child’s life

Basic concepts

According to the World Health Organization, vaccination against poliomyelitis, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, measles, parotitis (mumps) every year helps save 3 million children worldwide

Vaccination- This is the introduction of antigenic material to produce immunity to the disease. Immunity should prevent infection or make the course of the disease easy.

As antigenic material can be used: live, but weakened microbes; dead (inactivated) microbes; purified microbial material or synthetic components.

Revaccination- this is a re-vaccination. For example, a child in the maternity hospital is vaccinated against BCG for tuberculosis, and at 7 years of age they are boosted.

Vaccination schedule- This is a document approved by the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. It determines the timing and types of vaccinations, which are carried out free of charge and in droves.

You can familiarize yourself with the current vaccination calendar here.

Contraindications to vaccinations- these are diseases, disorders, disorders and conditions that prevent vaccination and the formation of immunity to a disease without harm to the health of the child.

Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations - image №1

Vaccination reactions- These are conditions that occur during the day after the injection, prescribed in the instructions for the drug (the most frequent side effects), which are considered normal and do not require treatment. The most common reaction to vaccination is an increase in body temperature to 38 degrees. Doctors usually recommend paracetamol at a temperature to relieve the child’s condition.

Complications after vaccinations- These are serious conditions occurring within 24 hours after the injection and require medical intervention. For example, anaphylactic shock, convulsions, temperature 39-40 degrees.

Medotvod- temporary postponement of vaccination, which the doctor gives on the basis of the child's health.

Maria Savinova, pediatrician, homeopath:“If the child cannot be vaccinated, the doctor should give him the so-called medotvod - that is, the respite from vaccination. Medotvod is absolute, that is, forever, and temporary - for the period of acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ”

Read also:Temperature in a child: dangerous misconceptions

Vaccinations: spelling out abbreviations

BCG(short for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, bacillus Calmett-Gerren (BCG), by the name of the scientists who received this vaccine) is a vaccine that consists of weakened pathogenic bacteria that are not capable of causing tuberculosis, but they are sufficient to to form immunity against this disease. This vaccination is done in the first 3-7 days of life while still in the hospital and at the age of 7 years.

BCG-M- This is a vaccine that contains two times less microbial cells than the standard BCG vaccine. This vaccine is usually vaccinated weak kids.

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DTP- adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus vaccine, which consists of inactivated (killed) pertussis microbes and purified diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (preparations prepared from toxins that do not have pronounced toxic properties).

AACDS- This is a vaccine analogue of DTP, only it contains an acellular (cell-free) pertussis component. This vaccine is much more easily tolerated than DTP.

ADS- It is a vaccine that contains diphtheria-tetanus toxoid, it protects against diphtheria and tetanus. Most often, it is used to vaccinate children who are contraindicated for DTP vaccination.

ADS-m- vaccine against diphtheria and tetanus, which contains a reduced amount of diphtheria toxoid. It is used for revaccination of children over 6 years old and adults every 10 years.

Doctor Komarovsky (the program “School of Doctor Komarovsky”, issue of 11/06/2011, the topic “Vaccination DTP”):“Every adult should be vaccinated against tetanus every 10 years, but this does not happen. Therefore, it turns out that the majority of the adult population is not vaccinated against tetanus. ”

PDA- It is a vaccine that protects against measles rubella and mumps (mumps), it consists of live strains of the measles virus, rubella iparotitis. KPK priivku do in 12 months and 6 years.

IPV- injectable vaccine against poliomyelitis, it consists of inactivated (non-living) viruses.

OPV- oral polio vaccine (in drops), which consists of live attenuated viruses.

According to the vaccination schedule, children are vaccinated against polio six times: at 3, 4, 5 months and at 18 months, 6 and 14 years. The first two times use the vaccine IPV, and the rest times - OPV.

Mom forum with nickname Adelaida00 says:“When my child was 3 months old, we went to do the DTP vaccination, everything went great, there were no reactions after the vaccination, only the injection site turned red and swollen a little. Two weeks after this vaccination, I learned that, at 3 months, the child should also be vaccinated against polio and hemophilic infection. But my baby did not do this. I was worried, I even wanted to call the clinic and demand an explanation. But before that, I decided to read the instructions for the vaccine, which we were given DTP - pentax.It turned out that this is a comprehensive vaccine that helps to create immunity not only for tetanus, whooping cough and diphtheria, but also for polio and hemophilic infection. After reading all this, I calmed down. But, of course, I believe that the doctor should have told me that the child will be given an injection with a complex vaccine, which includes polio and hemophilic infection. ”

Read also:Home first-aid kit: everything about the first-aid kit

Other concepts

Sparing vaccination- vaccination with half doses of vaccines or vaccines with a reduced number of microbial bodies or toxoids.

Doctor Komarovsky (the program “School of Doctor Komarovsky”, issue of 27/05/2012, the topic “When should not vaccinations be given?”):“Gentle vaccination is an option to do something in half the power. For example, in the DTP vaccine, the pertussis component most often gives a reaction, so let's not do DTP, but we will spare you and make the DTP vaccine, without pertussis, it is transferred much more easily. Now you need to understand who we spare? It turns out that we are a child who, for example, and so has health problems, deliberately defenseless in front of a disease called pertussis.What do we spare in this situation? Another issue is that sometimes sparing vaccination requires additional money. For example, there is a live and inactivated vaccine for polio. It is clear that a live vaccine is a more serious load on the body than an inactivated one; therefore, it is possible to spare the child and use an inactivated vaccine. But an inactivated vaccine can be 15–20 times more expensive than a live vaccine, so the state cannot always give an opportunity to use sparing vaccination. ”

Mantoux test or tuberculosis test -This is an immunological test that shows whether a tuberculous infection is in the body. During the test, tuberculin is injected (a special diagnostic drug) and the reaction of the body is monitored. If the skin reaction is pronounced (on the injection site appearscompaction size 5-16 mm), this suggests that the body actively interacts with the pathogen.

Read also:All about Mantoux test: what's important to know

Hemophilic infection- This is a complex of diseases that causes a hemophilus bacillus. The most common forms of hemophilic infection are: acute respiratory infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, meningitis.Children are vaccinated against hemophilic infection, the vaccine includes 4 vaccinations: at 3, 4, 5 and 18 months on the same day with the polio vaccine and DTP.

Anti-vaccination- This is a social movement that challenges the efficacy and safety of vaccination. On the basis of the anti-vaccination arguments, some parents voluntarily refuse to vaccinate children.

Vaccination helps protect the child from many diseases. Before refusing vaccinations, try to understand all the concepts regarding vaccination, decipher all the "vaccination" abbreviations and learn as much as possible about why and why they recommend doing this or that vaccination.

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  • Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations

    Vaccination of children: explanatory dictionary of vaccinations