This material will be describedSt. Petersburg International Commodity Exchange - ZAO SPbMTSB. This is the largest project of this kind in Russia. The organization received the license in 2013 from the Bank of Russia Service.
The founders of the St. Petersburg International(SPbMTSB) are: Sovcomflot, Russian Railways, Dzhester, VTB-Invest, Surgutex, Transoil, Tatneft, Strategic Investment Agency, Surgutneftegaz, Zarubezhneft and other structures. Today the company trades in real goods. Thus, realization in the markets of building materials, energy carriers, gas, oil, fixed-term contracts takes place. The International St. Petersburg Commodity Exchange organizes trading in all major groups of petroleum products. The organization has a wide geography of delivery bases and a uniform work standard for the entire diversity of participants.
In the futures market, delivery futures are tradedoil products. In 2015, the exchange sold 7.6 billion cubic meters of gas. The clearing service for bidders is carried out by the specialized organization RDK. The organization calculates price indices on the domestic market of petroleum products on the basis of exchange transactions. The purpose of the enterprise is to create a commodity market. The project also works to create a transparent and understandable mechanism for determining fair prices for basic commodities that are produced in the CIS countries, and in particular in the Russian Federation. On the exchange there are trades: grain, coal, timber, gas, futures, oil products. Since 2012, the indices of the organization have become an asset for derivatives market contracts. In 2014, the auction launched for the sections: "Forest and Building Materials", as well as "Natural Gas". In 2015, the company sold 15.5 million tons of oil products. Over 1,900 people take part in the auction. All major oil companies of the Russian Federation cooperate with the organization.
Above we described how the St. Petersburg International Commodity Exchange operates. The organization's address is Russia, St. Petersburg, 26th Line, Building 15, Building 2, 199026.
Indices are calculated on meringue transactions. The composite indicator is a single universal indicator of the oil products market, which reflects the dynamics of the price change of the averaged ton of resources on the exchange market. Such an index is calculated on the basis of transactions. The International St. Petersburg Commodity Exchange takes into account national indicators. Speech in this case is about the average price for oil products in Russia. An important role is assigned to regional indices. It is about the prices of resources in individual consumption centers.
Opening of the St. Petersburg Internationalcommodity exchange is of great importance, since it served as a stimulus for the active development of the oil market. This organization managed to realize more than 2.566 million tons of oil. The International St. Petersburg Commodity Exchange trains futures contracts. In this case, it is not just an instrument for risk insurance and activity planning, but also an assistant for investors. The volume of trading in the futures market in 2015 amounted to more than 6.35 billion rubles. Instruments include futures indexes of oil product price indices. Among the advantages of the futures market is securing fixation of the price of future purchase or sale of resources.
Market participants are leading brokers, andalso their customers, consumers and oil companies. Market makers provide liquidity to trading. It is worth mentioning the role of the clearing organization - RDK. It is the central counterparty and guarantor of execution of transactions. The Exchange is distinguished by a guarantee security of 7%. Such an indicator can be considered low. Low in this case and commission. The organization pays brokers rewards for the transactions of their customers. Implemented the opportunity to use for the bidding special mobile applications that display all transactions.
International St. PetersburgCommodity exchange began to trade this resource, fulfilling the instruction of the President of Russia. Throughout 2015, the company sold 7.6 billion cubic meters of gas. Trade is organized at the balance points "Nadym", "Vyngapurovskaya", "Yuzhno-Balykskaya", "Parabel". Provision is made for the next month. Participants in exchange trades are leading enterprises and major producers.
Trade in this resource is also carried out onbased on the instructions of the President of Russia. Realization of coniferous forest is carried out on the basis of Irkutsk region. Registered at the auction more than 60 participants - large farms, tenants, enterprises that are engaged in processing. The organization of export trade in timber is planned.
Opening of the St. Petersburg Internationalcommodity and raw materials exchange significantly affected this market segment. The organization is the center of formation of the actual price information concerning the oil market. Data are systematized and provided to regulators and participants in the process.