Inability to learn

Inability to learn

What is learning disability?

Inability to learn is a general term that describes certain problems that arise when mastering a new material. Inability to learn is the inability of a person to memorize information and use certain skills. These can be skills such as:

  • reading,
  • letter,
  • hearing,
  • speaking
  • reasoning and
  • score.

Inability to learn is characterized by individual manifestations. One person has less difficulty in learning, the other has more. Someone has problems with reading and writing, and someone with an understanding of mathematics, in some cases a person has problems in each of these areas, as well as with an understanding of what people say.

Researchers believe that teaching people with learning disabilities is due to differences in how their brains work and how they process information. Children with learning difficulties, not "stupid" and not "lazy." In fact, they usually have average or above average intelligence.But their brain processes information differently than the brain of ordinary people.

There is no cure for learning disabilities. This feature is maintained throughout life. However, children with inability to learn may have high academic performance if they are trained by a special technique that allows them to bypass the moments that cause them difficulty. With the right approach, children with learning difficulties can and should learn successfully.

How often does learning disability occur?

Often! In the United States, one in five people suffer from learning disabilities. Almost 3 million children (from 6 to 21 years old) receive education in specialized schools. More than half of these children have some form of inability to learn.

What are the signs of this condition?

Signs indicating a learning disability does not exist. Experts trace a noticeable difference between how a child goes to school and how well he or she could do this, given the level of intelligence and abilities. There are some prerequisites that may indicate that the child is not capable of learning.Most of the prerequisites have a direct connection with elementary school tasks. Usually the child will not show all the signs, or even most of them. However, if a child has some of these problems, then parents and teachers should consider the possibility of drawing up an individual training program, taking into account the problem points that have arisen for the child.

If a child does not have the ability to learn, then he or she:

  • may have problems with learning the alphabet, rhyming words or forming letters in syllables;
  • can make many mistakes when reading aloud, repeating words or making long pauses;
  • may not understand the meaning of the read;
  • may have big problems with spelling;
  • may have illegible handwriting or clumsily hold a pencil;
  • may have difficulty expressing thoughts in writing;
  • may not be able to master the speech and have a limited vocabulary;
  • may have problems with memorizing sounds that form letters or poorly perceive the difference in the sound of words;
  • may not understand jokes, jokes and sarcasm;
  • may make mistakes by pronouncing words or using the wrong words that sound like;
  • may have problems with the formulation of their desires or find it difficult to choose the words necessary for the statement;
  • can not follow social norms of conducting a conversation, for example, interrupt, stand too close to the listener;
  • may be confused with numbers and mathematical symbols;
  • may be unable to retell the story in order (what happened first, what happened next); or
  • may not know where to begin the task and how to continue it.

If a child has unexpected problems with learning to read, write, listen, speak, or math, then teachers and parents should pay special attention to this and find out the reasons.

School and learning disabilities

Inability to learn is usually diagnosed when children reach school age. Since the school focuses on exactly what can cause difficulties for the child - reading, writing, mathematics, listening, speaking, reasoning.

With hard work and proper help, children with learning disabilities can learn more easily and successfully. For children of school age (including pre-school age), special education is an important source of assistance.School staff, together with the child’s parents, should develop an individualized curriculum for such a child and select the appropriate training program. The drafting of these documents must take into account the unique needs of the child. You should also determine the special lessons that will be taught to the child according to his needs.

Most children are assisted in coping with assistive technology difficulties. In the role of assistive technologies, special equipment, tape recorders, tools, machines for reading aloud, and voice recognition systems (systems that allow a student to write while talking to a computer) can act.

It is important to remember that children with inability to learn may need help, both at school and at home.

Tips for parents of children with inability to learn

Learn the features of learning disabilities. The more you learn, the more you can help yourself and your child.

  • Encourage your child when he does something.Children with learning disabilities very often do a lot of tasks. Find what your child is good at, what they like to do, such as dancing, playing football or working at the computer.Give your child a lot of opportunities to show their strengths and talents.
  • Determine the ways in which your child best assimilates the material.Perhaps he has a better developed visual or motor memory, and maybe he is better perceived information by ear. Help him learn to memorize information using his strengths.
  • Let your child help you with your household chores.This will help educate people not to be sure of their skills. Let's give you simple tasks, break the goals of the step, encourage your child with gifts.
  • Make homework a priority.Read information on how to help your child successfully do homework.
  • Pay attention to the mental health of your child (and your own!).Be open to consulting with experts. This can help your child fight with a sense of dissatisfaction, feel better, acquire more social skills.
  • Communicate with parents who are raising such children.Parents can give you practical advice and emotional support.
  • Meet the school staff and help develop a curriculum that is appropriate for your child’s needs.Determine what your child needs and do not forget to talk about assistive technology.
  • Build a positive working relationship with your child’s teacher,through regular communication, sharing information about your child’s progress at home and at school.

Tips for teachers of children with inability to learn

Learn as much as you can about the different types of education for these children. Find the student’s strengths and find out his interests. Give him positive feedback and provide an opportunity to practice.

Evaluate the student's progress to determine exactly what problems he has. Talk to experts about how to work with such children. Provide special techniques and classrooms to meet the special needs of the child.


  • break down tasks into steps, put them both verbally and in writing;
  • give the student more time to complete the task or test;
  • allow a student with reading problems to use audio recordings with this material;
  • let a student who has difficulty hearing, take notes from classmates, or record material on a tape recorder, and
  • Let a student who has difficulty writing use a computer with special software that can be used to check spelling, grammar or recognize speech.

Learn about the different testing methods that can actually help a student with learning difficulties and discover what he has not learned.

Learn the nuances of organizational issues, training strategies and techniques. This will be useful to all students, and will be especially useful for those who have learning difficulties.

Work with the student's parents to create a curriculum that takes into account all the needs of the child.

Form a positive working relationship with the student’s parents as part of regular communication and exchange of information about the child’s progress in school.

Is there a cure for not learning?

The most common treatment for inability to learn is special education. Specially trained teachers, based on the assessment of the child’s academic and intellectual potential, as well as the level of school performance, determine the basic approach to learning,relying on the child’s abilities, his strengths, correcting and compensating for his weaknesses. Other specialists, such as speech therapists, may be involved in this process. Psychological therapy may also be used, and some medications may be used to increase attention and concentration.

What is the prognosis for children with learning disabilities?

Inability to learn can be a lifelong condition. Some people have several signs of this condition. Other people may have sporadic signs that will have little effect on the course of their lives.

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