How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

How to prevent children's injuries? Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

One of the serious problems of modern societychildren's injuries are considered. Prevention of childhood injuries is the main method for ensuring the safety of life and activity of each child. Meanwhile, the importance of this problem in society is often underestimated.child injury prevention of childhood injuries

Relevance of the issue

The social significance of the problem is obvious. Her decision is on the border between traditional medical methods of treatment and pedagogical sciences. The first are aimed at eliminating the consequences that cause child injuries. Prevention of childhood injuries refers to the scientific pedagogical sphere. It provides for measures aimed at preventing dangerous situations. The humanistic nature of the problem is expressed in the formation of a responsible attitude towards personal security. It must be said that injuries are a complex concept. It is not only considered from the point of view of traditional medicine in the narrow sense, but also involves violations that lead to a breakdown of somatic and mental health.

Features of statistics

Measures for the prevention of child injuriesaimed at reducing the mortality and morbidity of young people. Among them, the prevention of accidents is of special importance. They create a major danger to the health of the younger generation. Traumatism acts as the main cause of death of children from 3 years. Death in accidents or serious injuries occurs more often than from all existing diseases together. Especially threatening are the statistics of the mortality rate of young people in road accidents. In this regard, prevention of child road traffic injuries is included as a mandatory section in the system of primary and general education and upbringing. The development of skills and the formation of the correct model of behavior of students are carried out according to specially designed plans.

Help on the prevention of childhood injuries

Educational institution with primary classesshould lay students basic knowledge of self-preservation. It is important to promote the development of independence, combining it with the education of responsibility for the safety of behavior. In the junior classes, you can reorient the individual qualities of students. This is possible because their actions, as a rule, are based on deformed or understated views about the real admissible risk in this or that situation. That is why in the lower grades children's injuries are so common. The prevention of childhood injuries today often involves abstract measures to some extent. Most of them are based on general recommendations and in many cases do not give the desired effect.prevention of child road traffic injuries

Plan for the prevention of childhood injuries

Modern conditions require specialistsspecial approach to the process of education and upbringing. Pedagogical activity now includes not only the transfer of knowledge on certain subjects. The education system includes work on the prevention of childhood injuries. In it, several subsystems are distinguished. Objects of influence in them are:

  1. The society.
  2. The collective.
  3. A family.
  4. Personality.

How to prevent children's injuries? Prevention of childhood injuries includes:

  1. Development of safe work and behavior skills.
  2. Address support (home visit).
  3. Propaganda of the use of security equipment.
  4. Adjustment of environmental conditions.
  5. Strengthening the security of consumer facilities.
  6. Adoption of administrative and legislative measures, control of their implementation.
  7. Development of pilot programs by local communities.

Skills development

Children's injuries and their prevention areThe subject of research of many organizations functioning in the field of health care. For example, the WHO Regional Office for Europe operates the Network of Actual Statistics. She, in particular, was studying the functioning of children's circles of the road. They provided training materials that took into account the age of the audience. The program on the prevention of childhood injuries was conducted both within the educational institutions, and separately, in specially formed clubs.

Experimental projects

It was said above that, according to statistics, inThe risk group is from persons of three years old. In this regard, the prevention of injuries in the kindergarten is of particular importance. Teaching pupils provides for various techniques. In particular, they include:

  1. Modeling of the situation on the road.
  2. Creating desktop layouts.
  3. Training in real conditions (on the street).

program on the prevention of childhood injuries

Adults explained the rules of behavior, observedand evaluated the actions of the pupils. Prevention of child road traffic injuries promotes the development of skills for rational and safe behavior. Practical on the street is of great practical importance. Children in such cases participate in real situations on the road, make their own decisions. The rules of cycling were considered separately. The road traffic injury prevention program includes theoretical studies, assessment of acquired knowledge and their practical application under the supervision of adults.

Safety at home

Prevention of child injuries on the roadsis conducted with the participation of parents, educators, educators, law enforcement officers. Ensuring the same security in everyday life rests mainly on adult family members. In this regard, explanatory work should be carried out first of all with parents, grandfathers and grandmothers, elder brothers and sisters. It is necessary that they develop certain rules for the behavior of the child at home in the absence of adults. In addition, special attention should be paid to a variety of devices that ensure the safety of children in everyday life. These include, in particular, smoke detectors, warning signals, blocking sensors, etc.

The use of security equipment

Preventing child injuries in the DOW is notonly explanatory work and practical exercises. Security provides for certain structural changes in buildings and structures, the installation of fences, etc. In addition, the promotion of protective equipment is of particular importance. For example, one of the campaigns explained the need to use bicycle helmets for young children. Another project was aimed at increasing the frequency of use of car restraints, seat belts. The popularization of the use of protective equipment can be carried out in various ways. However, the implementation of any program should include professional advice through various information and communication systems.certificate of child injury prevention

Home visits

Preventing child injury in school oranother educational institution, certainly, is of great importance. However, it is important to provide support to citizens by visiting their homes. In the framework of such activities, an assessment of the safety of living conditions, professional counseling is conducted. As the results of the analysis show, such programs have a positive effect and contribute to a change in the behavior of both children and adults. In the course of this activity, you can provide free protection devices for home use.

Correction of environmental conditions

At present, the strengthening of security in the environmenthuman habitation is one of the most common ways of preventing injuries both among children and adults. In the course of activities, bike paths are arranged, street lighting improves, signs and warning signals are installed. Measures to change environmental conditions are, in the main, within the competence of the authorities. In the administrations of municipalities, special committees or offices should be working, which would be directly engaged in their implementation. As shown by research data, programs aimed at increasing security within a particular territory, can significantly reduce injuries.

Specific measures

Regulation of traffic on the roads on a certainterritory is oriented to the safe distribution of the traffic flow and the decrease in the speed of movement of cars. Especially strict control is carried out at the entrances to the houses. The following road traffic management measures can be used in programs:

  1. Arrangement of circular interchanges.
  2. Prohibition of movement on specific sites.
  3. Forming islets of security along the center of the roadway.

In addition, an effective measure is considered,It involves setting the speed limit within the city limits. This helps prevent a lot of accidents. A number of studies have established a link between the severity of pedestrian injuries and the speed of the car.program for the prevention of road traffic injuries

Safety on the playgrounds

Children are known to be very active and oftenforget about the possibility of injury. To ensure safety when arranging children's playgrounds, certain materials must be used. Reducing injuries is facilitated by rubber covering the tracks, reducing the height of the horizontal crossbeams. All structures installed on the sites must undergo engineering and technical, environmental expertise.

Consumer Goods Safety

As the results of a number of scientificresearch, the use of containers with lids, not accessible to children, contributes to a significant reduction in the number of poisoning cases (including fatalities). For example, in the UK the use of this measure has reduced their number by 85%. In the framework of injury prevention programs, regulations are also introduced on the structural safety of products such as refrigerators, televisions, microwave ovens, baby cots, etc.

Administrative and legislative measures

Rules that are fixednormative legal acts, are considered the most effective of all. Mostly they concern safety on the roads. In particular, the SDA establishes the requirements for the use of restraints, seat belts. The legislation prescribes the rules for riding a bicycle. Normative acts provide for a certain responsibility for violation of established requirements. Punishment in this case will depend on the severity of the committed misconduct. The legislation provides for fines, deprivation of driving licenses, criminal liability for example. As observations show, such a system of punishments contributes to reducing injuries, forcing traffic participants to pay more attention to their behavior and actions of other people. Legislative measures that relate to the application of safety measures in cars to young people were originally introduced to protect the most vulnerable categories of citizens. In a review of actual statistics, the European Bureau points out the unquestionable effectiveness of legislative measures aimed at increasing the frequency of use of child seats and belts.plan for the prevention of childhood injuries

Community Activities

To assist the state andmunicipal authorities in the conduct of activities to reduce child injuries are not the least role played by territorial public associations. They conduct explanatory work among young people, young people, adults. On a voluntary basis, training sessions are organized, to which representatives of the administration and law enforcement bodies are invited. Territorial associations independently develop programs for prevention, coordinate them with authorized structures. Their activities combine different methods. Members of such communities can perform public assessments of the condition of environmental conditions. Based on the assessment, conclusions and proposals for improving the state of the environment are formed.

Safety on water

Children's injuries are especially high in the summer. In this case, vacations do not always coincide with the holidays of adults. In this regard, for some time children can be without adult supervision. At present, in the framework of measures to improve the safety of young people, little attention is paid to the rules of behavior on the water. Meanwhile, according to statistics, during the summer period, the death rate significantly increases when drowning. To reduce injuries on the water should be carried out:

  1. Teaching rules of conduct within the water area.
  2. Supervision of children.
  3. The construction of fences around open water sources, the adoption of relevant laws.

It is advisable to write the child in a swimmingsection. Trainers not only teach him to feel free in water, but also will form an understanding of his correct behavior during bathing, including in the event of unforeseen situations.work on child injury prevention

Conclusion

Traumatism among children is today as onefrom the leading problems in society. Its solution requires a special, integrated approach. Ensuring the safety of each child should be carried out by all adults with whom he or she is more or less in contact. A key role in this, of course, belongs to the family. At the same time, the participation of the DOW and the general educational institution is of no small importance. They should contribute to the formation of a correct behavior pattern in the child, an understanding of the need to comply with the requirements. The effectiveness of the measures taken is also ensured by the actions of the authorities. In implementing programs to reduce and prevent injuries, active participation should be made by employees of different services, inspectors of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate. Particular attention must be paid to safety at home. For the most adequate assessment of the state of the household environment, it is necessary to conduct independent examinations. Creating a safe environment is facilitated by consultations with specialists.

Related news

  • Teens and parents: learn to understand each other
  • 8Tips toFind the Perfect Party Dress for Your Body Shape
  • SEMELIT Nadezhda, Head of the Department of Neonatal Surgery DKB1, Kharkov, Participant of the all-Ukrainian action Golden Heart
  • How to make okroshka: simple ingredients, good recipes
  • Princess Barbie Dress Up Games
  • How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools

    How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools How to prevent childrens injuries Prevention of child injuries in pre-school and schools