Erysipelas- It is an infectious skin disease. It is considered low contagious. Women are more susceptible to this disease than men. In 60% of cases this disease affects people over the age of 40 years. The disease most often occurs in the summer-autumn period.
Symptoms of the disease:
- headache, weakness, chills, muscle aches;
- nausea and vomiting;
- high temperature - 38-40 degrees;
- Feeling of pain and pain in the place of injury;
- later, reddening of the affected area occurs - redness is a limited area of skin with jagged edges in the form of teeth;
- The skin in the affected area is hot, painful;
- inflammation around the affected area;
- the appearance of bubbles at the site of injury.
It is necessary to provide the patient with rest, give a drink, it is better not to touch the affected skin. Of course, you need to call a doctor.
Now the majority of patients with mild erysipelas are treated in a polyclinic. If the course of the disease is severe or there are relapses of erysipelas, then the person is hospitalized in the infectious diseases wards.
- antimicrobial agents;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- prescribe a complex of vitamins;
- also according to indications prescribe cardiovascular, antipyretic and diuretics;
- with bubble forms also recommend furatsilinom bandages;
- also prescribed ultraviolet irradiation of the affected areas.
Possible complications and prevention
- skin necrosis;
- suppuration of the bubbles;
- inflammation of the veins;
- inflammation of the lymphatic vessels;
- infectious shock;
- cardiovascular failure and others.
It is necessary to maintain hygiene, watch carefully for your body, if any wounds occur, they should be immediately treated with iodine or brilliant green.
If you touch the affected areas of the patient with erysipelas, wash your hands thoroughly and disinfect them with alcohol or cologne.