Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

A complete blood count sooner or later has to be given to each child.

Usually such a procedure is planned, before entering a kindergarten or school, or after suffering a disease.

How to take?

It is better to donate blood in the morning on an empty stomach., after 8-12 hours after eating. If the baby could not resist and ate something, the analysis should be done 2 hours after a meal.

Read also:Biochemical analysis of the blood of a child: basic norms

A general blood test allows you to diagnose many different diseases. But doctors, unfortunately, are not always willing to share their conclusions about the results. It is quite difficult for a person without special knowledge to understand these records. Therefore, let us become a little more knowledgeable in this matter.

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What does a blood test tell?

In addition to counting the number of different blood cells, doctors determine their shape, size, maturity of erythrocytes and the presence of various particles in them.

An important indicator is the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) - this is the loss of red blood cells in the sediment when the blood in the test tube within an hour. Doctors pay special attention to this item.

It is also important to know the number of platelets, the cells responsible for blood clotting, to clarify the problem.

Read also:Contents First Aid Kits for Baby

The most important indicators in deciphering the total blood count

Hemoglobin- proteinaceous substance which contains in erythrocytes of blood and delivers oxygen to all cells of an organism. The norm for children 1-5 years: 11.0 - 14.0 g / dl (g per 100 ml).

Hemoglobin levels can be increased by dehydration, diarrhea, severe vomiting, and burns. Also, the level of this substance can be high in congenital heart defects and some other diseases.

Low rates of the child indicate anemia (lack of iron in the body).

Red blood cells- These are blood cells, red blood cells containing hemoglobin. Norm for children 2-6 years: 3.7 - 4.9 million / μl.

Indicators can be increased due to lack of oxygen in the children's body, with excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, burns, edema.

Low levels in the general blood test may indicate a deficiency of iron (anemia), protein, and vitamins of group B.

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Platelets- elements of blood that stop bleeding. With a lack of this substance, if the child is injured, the blood cannot be stopped for a long time. Norm for children and adults: 150-400 thousand / μl.

Elevated levels of platelets may appear during inflammatory processes in the body. A reduced level is observed with viral diseases (chickenpox, measles, rubella, flu).

White blood cells- These are cells of the immune system, white blood cells, which provide protection against viruses and bacteria. Norm for children 2-4 years: 5 - 15.5 thousand / μl.

Their level increases with leukemia or with bacterial infections. The number of leukocytes may decrease in case of viral diseases (influenza, measles, rubella, hepatitis, epidemic parotitis, etc.)

Even if the results of a general blood test of a child have put you on your guard, do not worry in advance. In any case, you must consult a doctor. If excitement does not pass, visit several experts.

And remember: a positive attitude accelerates the treatment of any disease.

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  • Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results

    Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results Complete blood count of a child: how to decipher the results