Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

 

Anemia in pregnant women - fairly common in expectant mothers. Today we will tell you about what such a diagnosis can be dangerous, as well as how to act to improve your condition.

Anemia - something you need to know

Anemia is calleddecrease in blood special protein hemoglobinwhich is responsible for carrying oxygen and is contained in red blood cells - red blood cells.

Anemia is considered to becompanion diseaseIt is like a litmus test, it gives a signal that something is wrong in the body. And if the future mom is diagnosed with anemia, the main task isdiscover its cause. There are several reasons for the development of anemia, let's look at each of them.

Even completely healthy women during pregnancy may have hemoglobin levels.far beyond the norm. What is the reason? We all know thatduring pregnancy, the body of the future mother changes every day, rebuilding in order to provide the future child with all the necessary conditions.

One of the factors of such a restructuring isthe increase in the body of the future mother circulating blood volumeby 30-40%. Larger than usual blood volumes are necessary in order tooxygen and nutrients were supplied to the baby in sufficient quantities, and processed products were promptly removed.

Of course, in the human body can not suddenly arise the required amount of blood with the perfect composition.The volume of circulating fluid increases due to an increase in plasma volume., as a result, the blood becomes thinner, and the number of red blood cells in it decreases.

Since it is in the red blood cells and contains hemoglobin,in proportion to the decrease in their number, the hemoglobin index also falls, what causesphysiological anemia of pregnant women.

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

Even if the process of increasing the amount of circulating blood takes place in a pregnant woman without any special problems,iron deficiency anemia may develop due to the fact that the expectant mother every minute shares with her crumb all the necessary micro-and macro-elementsthat enter her body.Of course, the kid's iron reserves are also consumed, and if there are few or not enough of them in the body, there is a shortage.

There are othersrisk factors for anemiain pregnant women:

  • problems with the absorption of iron in the intestines;
  • chronic diseases of the future mother;
  • unbalanced diet or vegetarian diet;
  • anorexia;
  • severe vomiting due to toxicosis;
  • multiple pregnancy;
  • small gap between pregnancies;
  • spontaneous miscarriages in history;
  • endometriosis;
  • uterine fibroids;
  • preeclampsia;
  • presentation or premature detachment of the placenta;
  • vitamin B12 deficiency, folic acid and protein.

Our mother forumchankaLeranad tells: «All the pregnancy on juices and grenades kept the pregnancy hemoglobin, and in the end I began to fall. The doctor, of course, prescribed the iron, well, and I even leaned on the beef liver until the birth. I do not know, really, what exactly worked, but the tests returned to normal. With me and the child, everything is fine, well born, without problems. ”

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

Read also: What is the danger of low hemoglobin during pregnancy?

Signs of anemia - find and identify

Oddly enough, butsometimes anemia is asymptomaticIndeed, a rare woman “in position” will start to panic because she feels tired and she increasingly wants to lie down and rest. This is normal during pregnancy - you say.

And you will be right only in part. Yes, indeed, weakness and drowsiness during pregnancy are not signs of the disease, but only in the caseif blood test results do not show problems with hemoglobin level. According to the WHO, the criteria for anemia in women are: hemoglobin concentration is less than 120 g / l, and less than 110 g / l during pregnancy.

If the expectation that the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is below the appropriate rate, the future mom learned only at the reception infemale consultationadviseDo not miss regular visits to the laband also listen more attentively to your body.

In addition to the results of the analysissigns of anemia are:

  • feeling weak;
  • fatigue;
  • shortness of breath;
  • dizziness;
  • fainting;
  • low blood pressure;
  • brittle nails and hair,
  • dry skin;
  • cracks in the corners of the mouth.

Are you happy to inhale the smell of paint during the repair of the nursery, and also not to try to "fuck up" the school crayons of the eldest son? Such "strangeness", as well as a sharp change during pregnancy gastronomic preferences may also indicate the development of anemia. If there are any reasons for anxiety, we advise you to consult a doctor, because it is better to prevent the disease or stop it at an early stage.

Our mother-forum Vasilisa says:“When a problem with hemoglobins arose, nutrition was never able to bring it back to normal. Then the doctor prescribed the drug - cut 2 packs - and until the end of the pregnancy there were 122 resistant units. ”

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

Read also: Anemia in pregnant women: signs, treatment and prevention

What is dangerous is anemia of pregnant women - important arguments

Anemia in pregnant womencan harm not only the condition of the future mother -hemoglobin level is important for the overall development of the babyand also affects the positive course of labor. As part of the blood, iron is involved in the transport of oxygen from the lungs to all tissues, organs and systems of the mother and child organisms.

So eventhe future mom may have hidden anemia such factorsas:

Treatment of anemia - how to overcome the enemy

Of course, the first thing the future mother needsbe sure to consult a doctorwhich according tothe results of the analysis will prescribe the necessary treatmentand give relevant recommendations.

According to the results of medical practice in the treatment of anemia of pregnant women plays an important rolespecial dietconsisting of foods high in iron. It can be beef, lamb, offal, eggs, beets, buckwheat, apples, seafood, beans, spinach, cabbage, turnips, parsley, corn, celery, nuts, seeds.

It is important to remember that the human body is designed so that it cannot absorb iron without vitamin C, but calcium, on the contrary, makes it difficult to get the maximum amount of iron from products.

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

Therefore, after eating, for example, meat, do not forget to eat vegetables, and buckwheat is better to use as a side dish for beef liver, and not milk porridge.

Not always problems with hemoglobin can be solved only by correcting the diet, because 2.5 mg is absorbed from the food into the body.iron per day, and from drugs - 15-20 times more. Therefore, do not be upset if the doctor will appoint the expectant motherspecial iron preparations. Modern drugs in this direction do not have a harmful effect on the child, which is especially important during pregnancy.

How many days or weeks it will be necessary to take pills or potions is an individual question, but sometimes iron supplements are recommended not only for a long time during pregnancy, but also for 6 months after delivery, so that the female body can cope with increased loads faster and improve breastfeeding.

Read also: The value of iron for a pregnant woman

Doctor's recommendations

Bosyak Julia Vasilievna, obstetrician-gynecologist, reproductive specialist of the clinic. Alternative tells:

Anemia in pregnant women: how to act - image №1Anemia (anemia) in pregnant women is a complication characterized by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin, a blood protein that transports oxygen and the number of red blood cells. This leads to hypoxia (oxygen starvation).

The cause of anemia is the increased use of iron by the growing fetus with insufficient intake(or assimilation) by the maternal organism.

More often, anemia is observed in the second half of pregnancy, because it is during this period that the fetus grows rapidly and the need for iron increases.

Signs of anemia:

- weakness, fatigue

- dizziness up to fainting

- tachycardia

There are 3 degrees of severity of anemia - mild, moderate and severe.

With a mild degree of anemia, the state of health of the pregnant woman usually does not suffer and the diagnosis is made on the basis of blood tests - a general blood test, hematocrit, and a biochemical blood test.

Hypoxia, triggered by anemia, can lead to a delay in intrauterine development of the fetus, which can be visualized during ultrasound, weak labor, increased blood loss, and other consequences. Therefore, it is imperative to correct even mild anemia.

First of all, it is necessary to revise the diet, increase the consumption of meat products, vegetables and fruits, other products containing iron and vitamin C - spinach, buckwheat, etc.

However, not to get rid of anemia with one diet, it is necessary to take iron-containing drugs, because iron is absorbed 15-20 times more from drugs than from food.

Treatment should be long (2-3 months) and not stop treatment, but only halve the dose.

As a preventive measure, I advise you to take folic acid (or multivitamins) at the planning stage of pregnancy, which can be taken for up to 12 weeks, and then as needed.

At the same time it is recommended to increase the portions of meat and offal.

Be attentive to your condition, follow all the instructions of your doctor and hemoglobin levels will soon return to normal.

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  • Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

    Anemia in pregnant women: how to act